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Middle Eastern & Muslim
MIDDLE EASTERN AND MUSLIM STEM SLIDES
MIDDLE EASTERN AND MUSLIM SLIDES
Middle Eastern & Muslim STEM
Middle Eastern and Muslim STEM
Islamic Contribution to Mathematics
The 7th to the 13th century was the golden age of Muslim learning. In mathematics they contributed and invented the present arithmetical decimal system and the fundamental operations connected with it: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, exponentiation, and extracting the root. They also introduced the ‘zero’ concept to the world. Some of the famous mathematicians of Islam are: AL-KHWARIZMI (780 – 850 CE) Muhammad Ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi, the father of algebra, was a mathematician and astronomer. It is generally assumed that Al-Khwarizmi was born around 780 CE in the town of Kath in the oasis of Khorzen. Kath is now buried in the sand. Al-Khwarizmi was summoned to Baghdad by Al-Mamun and appointed court astronomer. From the title of his work, Hisab Al-Jabr wal Mugabalah (Book of Calculations, Restoration and Reduction), Algebra (Al-Jabr) derived its name. AL-KINDI (801-873 CE) Abu Yusuf Yaqub Ibn Ishaq Al-Kindi, was born around 801 CE in Kufa during the governership of his father. The surname indicates ancestry in the royal tribe of Kindah of Yemenite origin. To his people he became known as Faylasuf Al-Arab (the philosopher of the Arabs) the first one in Islam. Among his contributions to arithmetic, Al-Kindi wrote eleven texts on numbers and numerical analysis. AL-KARAJI Abu Bakr ibn Hussein was born in Kharkh, a suburb of Baghdad. His works covered arithmetic, algebra and geometry. His book ‘Al-Kafi fi Al-Hisab’ (Essentials of Arithmetic) covers the rules of computation. His second book, ‘Al- Fakhri’ derived its name from Al- Kharki’s friend, the Grand Vizier of Baghdad. Al-BATTANI (850-929 CE) Muhammad Ibn Jabir Ibn Sinan Abu Abdullah, the father of trigonometry, was born in Battan, Mesopotamia and died in Damascus in 929 CE. An Arab prince and governor of Syria, he is considered to be the greatest Muslim astronomer and mathematician. Al-Battani raised trigonometry to higher levels and computed the first table of cotangents. AL-BIRUNI (973-1050 CE) Al-Biruni was among those who laid the foundation for modern trigonometry. He was a philosopher, geographer, astronomer, physicist and mathematician. Six hundred years before Galileo, Al-Biruni discussed the theory of the earth rotating about its own axis. Al-Biruni carried out geodesic measurements and determined the earth’s circumference in a most ingenious way. With the aid of mathematics, he enabled the direction of the Qibla to be determined from anywhere in the world. In the domain of trigonometry, the theory of the functions; sine, cosine, and tangent was developed by Muslim scholars of the tenth century. Muslim scholars worked diligently in the development of plane and spherical trigonometry. The, trigonometry of Muslims is based on Ptolemy’s theorem but is superior in two important respects: it employs the sine where Ptolemy used the chord and is in algebraic instead of geometric form.
The complex geometry of Islamic design - Eric Broug
View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-complex-geometry-of-islamic-design-eric-broug In Islamic culture, geometric design is everywhere: you can find it in mosques, madrasas, palaces, and private homes. And despite the remarkable complexity of these designs, they can be created with just a compass to draw circles and a ruler to make lines within them. Eric Broug covers the basics of geometric Islamic design. Lesson by Eric Broug, animation by TED-Ed.
Why algorithms are called algorithms | BBC Ideas
Why are algorithms called algorithms? It's thanks to Persian mathematician Muhammad al-Khwarizmi who was born way back in around AD780. Want to find out more? Have a watch of this video next... What exactly are algorithms? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZnBF2GeAKbo Subscribe to BBC Ideas 👉 https://bbc.in/2F6ipav This video was made by Dayglow Media & Pencil & Pepper. -------------- Do you have a curious mind? You’re in the right place. Our aim on BBC Ideas is to feed your curiosity, to open your mind to new perspectives, and to leave you that little bit smarter. So dive in. Let us know what you think. And make sure to subscribe! 👉https://bbc.in/2F6ipav Visit our website to see all of our videos: https://www.bbc.com/ideas And follow BBC Ideas on Twitter: https://twitter.com/bbcideas #mathematics #history #algorithms
STEM pioneers: the UAE women empowering the Middle East
In this episode of Focus, Laura Buckwell reports on how Arab women are playing a vital role in the development of science research and innovation across the Middle East. READ MORE : https://www.euronews.com/2022/02/21/stem-pioneers-the-uae-women-empowering-the-middle-east Subscribe to our channel: https://www.youtube.com/c/euronews?sub_confirmation=1 Watch our LIVE here: https://www.youtube.com/c/euronews/live Subscribe to our thematic channels: NoComment: https://www.youtube.com/c/nocommenttv?sub_confirmation=1 Euronews Green: http://bit.ly/2sMsaDB Euronews Next: https://www.youtube.com/c/EuronewsNext?sub_confirmation=1 Euronews Travel: https://www.youtube.com/c/EuronewsTravel?sub_confirmation=1 Euronews is available on YouTube in 12 languages: https://www.youtube.com/user/euronewsnetwork/channels #Focus